N.p., n.d. Daniel L. Schacter et al. Most of them had ties to the Black Panthers or the Black Liberation Army, radical political groups that had many violent confrontations with police during the 1970s. Wolff, Craig. A Dallas police officer stands guard after over a dozen of his colleagues were shot by a sniper on July 7, 2016. The articles section ranges in topic and are all undated. Sundiata Acoli, aka Clark Squire, also given life. Assata Olugbala Shakur (born JoAnne Deborah Byron; July 16, 1947, sometimes referred to by her married surname Chesimard) is a former member of the Black Liberation Army (BLA), who was convicted of being an accomplice in the first-degree murder of State Trooper Werner Foerster during a shootout on the New Jersey Turnpike in 1973. The Black Liberation Army (BLA) was an underground Black Power revolutionary organization that operated in the United States from 1970 to 1981. Legal is the largest sub-series and is comprised of eight legal cases McCreary was involved in as well as legal documents regarding Tupac Shakur's estate. “3 Men to Argue for New Trial in ’71 Police Killing.” New York Times [New York] 12 Mar. (1995), 346-378. The majority of the materials in the Black Liberation Army archive fall under the Thomas "Blood" McCreary series, a member of the BLA. "At approximately 3:55 p.m., Paige, a 24-year Brink's veteran and his partner, Joe Trombino, 48, exited the doors to the Mall rolling out the moneybags on a hand truck. WP Company, 20 Dec. 2014. The BLA’s stated mission was to “take up arms for the liberation and self-determination of black people in the United States”(TRAC). The Black Liberation Army (BLA) was created in the early 1970s to “take up arms for the liberation and self-determination of black people in the United States”. Next, the Counterintelligence Program section consists of a memorandum describing the background, development and potential offices of the Counterintelligence Program (COINTELPRO), an FBI program which conducted covert and sometimes illegal activities to neutralize numerous political organizations. The Embassy of the Netherlands marks the 75th anniversary of liberation by honoring the black soldiers who risked their lives to end German occupation James Baldwin, center, fought in … I am a Black revolutionary, and, by definition, that makes me a part of the Black Liberation Army. 18 Apr. Jones and Piagentini parked their squad car on W 155th street, which is elevated above the riverbank after crossing the Harlem River as the Macombs Dam Bridge. Legal documents include affidavits, appeals, correspondence with lawyers, statements from McCreary describing prison conditions and trial errors, and a character reference from Bell Gale Chevigny. 18 Apr. Topical is a series which is separated into 3 sections. N.p., n.d. The pigs have used their newspapers and TVs to paint the Black Liberation Army as vicious, brutal, mad-dog criminals. Assata Shakur, a grassroots member of the BLA who was convicted for the 1976 murder of a New Jersey state trooper, wrote in her autobiography, “… the Black Liberation Army was not a centralized, organized group with a common leadership and chain of command. I really liked the clear connection you made between the past and present. Web. The liberation army aimed to “take up arms for the liberation and self-determination of black people in the United States.” Assata Shakur and two others took up arms in … The San Francisco Bay View National Black Newspaper was founded in 1976 to serve thought-provoking stories and commentary on the full range of Black trials and triumphs. • "That we are anti-capitalist, anti-imperialist, anti-racist and anti-sexist. ", • "That in order to abolish our system of oppression we must utilize the science of class struggle, develop this science as it relates to our unique national condition. The Site: 155th Street, where Jones and Piagentini parked their car, is considered the northern border of Harlem. McCreary served on the committee to plan the celebration of their acquittal 25 years later. 2017. Project Renewal is an organization in New York City with a goal of ending homelessness. Resumes are the first section, which contains the resumes of four people. “Harlem Race Riot 1935.” Black Past. Finally, the New Afrikan Journal section consists of Volume 4, Number 1 edition of the journal. 2017. Jones was shot four times. Roman, Lawrence, and Robert K. Tanenbaum. BP Minister of Defense, Huey Newton, began to renounce political violence after his release from prison and expelled member Eldridge Cleaver and his followers, who did not agree with Newton's new views. He survived long enough to be rushed away in a police car to the Harlem Hospital, but was dead by the time they arrived. The final sectuib in the Topical series is titled Reconsolidation and Infrastructure, dated 1996. 2017. The Black Panther Party is similar in terms of mission to the Black Lives Matter movement, though BLM is more of a social movement than an organization. James I. Meyerson correspondence,  June 21, 1982, Motion to dismiss transcript,  December 13, 1982, Declaration of R. Lindley Devecchio,  February 3, 1984, Declaration of Michael J. Henehan,  February 6, 1984, James I. Meyerson correspondence,  February 10, 1984, Motion for summary judgment,  February 16, 1984, Opposition to the motion of the defendant special agents of the FBI and of the United States for summary judgment dismissing the action (2 folders),  May 11, 1984, James I. Meyerson correspondence,  May 20, 1984, Plaintiff's supplemental memorandum,  May 21, 1984, Supplemental discovery requests,  May 31, 1984, James I. Meyerson correspondence,  July 6, 1984, Reply memorandum in support of defendants' motion for summary judgment,  July 12, 1984, James I. Meyerson correspondence,  July 17 and 26, 1984, Affirmation of James I. Meyerson,  November 9, 1984, Affirmation of Evelyn A. Williams,  March 16, 1985, Paralegal generalist certificate,  April 5, 1984, Class papers, October-December (3 folders),  1985, Newspaper clippings (5 folders),  1979-1981, Speaker requests,  January-February, 1996, 25th anniversary of the New York Panther 21 acquittal, 30th anniversary of the Black Panther Party, Committee meeting minutes,  September-November, 1996, Oberia D. Dempsey Center,  September 10, 1996, Salvador Cuban v. United States,  February 7, 1984, Deposition in Richard Moore v. FBI et al. The Fraternal Order of Police blames the organization for the murder of 13 officers between 1970 and 1976. N.p., 23 Jan. 2014. The Ambush: At about 10 PM on Friday May 21, 1971, NYPD Officers Waverly Jones and Joseph Piagentini were returning to their car on foot after responding to a 911 call. (Google Earth) The Colonial Park Houses are in the distance, and the stairs are in the lower right of the image. the black liberation army . The Legal series is comprised of two legal cases. Print. Their deaths have become a small detail in the checkered past of New York race relations, and their lives are not remembered through commemoration or dedication because of the painful and unresolved dynamics that motivated their killers. NY Daily News The social perception created by the Black Panthers, The 1967 Milwaukee Riot through the words of the Milwaukee Star, Black Perspectives on the Contested Use of Violence for Liberation, Black Arts Repertory Theatre and School (BARTS) and the Black Arts Movement, Wadsworth Jarrell – Creating Identifiable Art, Chapel Hill Protest Pamphlets and Black Power, The Black Scholar: the first academic journal of its kind, Black Power in Oakland: 50th Anniversary Commemorations and Connections to Today. The Torres brothers were not tried in the retrial. The current climate of racial tension and violence closely mirrors the America in which Bell, Washington, and Bottom were convicted. All three were members of the Black Liberation Army, a somewhat nebulous militant offshoot of the Black Panther Party that formed when the BPP began to dissolve in the late 1960s. The correspondence sub-series consist of letters written to or from McCreary ranging in date from 1963-1998. Letters referencing Tupac Shakur can also be found in the correspondence sub-series. “Patrolman Waverly M. Jones.” The Officer Down Memorial Page (ODMP). African Americans -- Politics and government. Newsletters is a section comprised of newsletters from various organizations. Web. . A set of stairs leads down to ground level off of W 155th street, which the officers used to get to Colonial Park Houses. “Dynamics of Distortion in Collective Memory,” in Memory Distortion: How Minds, Brains, and Societies Reconstruct the Past. 2017. The organization operated from 1970-1981. The photocopies of photographs sub-series include photographs of BPP Minister of Defense Huey Newton as well as photographs of a "Free Huey" rally. Black Liberation Army. The BLA began to deteriorate around the time of the 1981 Brinks robbery which involved several senior BLA members and resulted in the death of one guard and two police officers. Valenti, John. Van Gelder, Lawrence. 18 Apr. The Official Website of Herman Bell : Bio. . The Black Panther Collective was formed in 1994 with the mission to carry on the legacy of the BPP. The Publications series contains five sections. This document is an appeal in a case that involves a man named Salvador Caban who was detained for six day by INS despite being a citizen of the United States. . Eds. The patrolmen likely parked close to where this picture was taken from, and went down the stairs to respond to the call. This is one reason that it is not clear what the leadership structure of the BLA looked like, or whether the murders of Jones and Piagentini were organizationally linked to similar killings of NYPD officers during the same time frame. Print. This material includes speaker requests, invitation and flyers. The history of Harlem encapsulates the enormous complexity of racial dynamics in America in the 20th century: the artistic and political achievements of the Harlem Renaissance, the 1935 Race Riot, civil rights activities like Malcom X’s famous speech about fair representation at the Audubon Ballroom on Feb. 15, 1965, his assassination there a week after, and the murder of Jones and Piagentini less than a decade later. . Web. Instead there were various organizations and collectives working together and simultaneously independent of each other”(Griego). The story line was clear, and I enjoyed learning more about the specific people involved in the shootings as they relate to the larger issues as well as their connection to Harlem. The second is Richard Moore v. FBI, et al. All three were members of the Black Liberation Army, a somewhat nebulous militant offshoot of the Black Panther Party that formed when the BPP began to dissolve in the late 1960s. Black Panther Party is the final series in the Black Liberation Army archive and consists of six sections: Articles, "The Black Panther Party Foundation" by Afeni Shakur, Panther film, Questionnaire, Photocopies of photographs and Black Panther Collective. While Cleaver did not lead the BLA, members were loyal to his ideas at the time. Griego, Tina. News & Information. (Lauren Buckman/ AFP/Getty Images). Web. By 1970, police and FBI pressure (see COINTELPRO), infiltration, sectarianism, the lengthy prison sentences and deaths of key members (among them Fred Hampton, at the hands of police), had significantly undermined the Black Panther Party. ASSIST. “Slain Cops’ Families Split on Whether Killers Should Be Freed.” NY Daily News. The Legal series is comprised of two legal cases. The archive consists of seven series: Thomas "Blood" McCreary, Correspondence, 1976-1978, Legal, Topical, Newspaper Clippings, 1969-1978, Events, Publications and Black Panther Party. 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