Mustaffa and S. Backiyarani National Research Centre for Banana, Thogamalai Road, Thayanur (Post), Tiruchirappalli – 620 102, Tamil Nadu, India ABSTRACT banana • It is not possible to avail the modifying influence of rootstock on scion or scion on rootstock. Dt of Plantin g. Dt of Flowrin g. Days … from shoot-tip explants isolated from lateral suckers is described. Our laboratory has found that depending on the combination of culture vessel and gelling agent more economic methods can be chosen for successfully micropropagating banana. Being parthenocarpic in nature, banana PROPAGATION OF BANANAS After deciding which variety to grow, the next important decision is on what type of planting materials to use. Another sucker replaces it. %PDF-1.6 %âãÏÓ iv) Pruning of leaves Old leaves and infected leaves should be pruned regularly. The micro propagation of banana plantlets is an excellent alternate approach adopted in many countries of the world like Israel, France, Australia and Cuba [1-4]. Banana (Musa spp. In vitro multiplication of banana (Musa spp.) It is fu 11 of food for the plant. Plants can be vegetatively propagated using many different tissues, including the roots (breadfruit), stems (guava), apices (banana), and buds (citrus). Of Banana. Banana Tissue Culture in the lab. This study was taken up for finding out effect of various factors affecting in vitro and to develop an in vitro mass propagation system in Banana cv. According to Novak et al. 178 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<06F62EA274929E419C4128096BC57071>]/Index[162 37]/Info 161 0 R/Length 92/Prev 620300/Root 163 0 R/Size 199/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream This technique can greatly boost food security and income generation among small scale farmers if properly adopted for ensuring sustainability. Abstract. Remember that there are two ways to propagate bananas: 1. H1ƒ!Ø|F:‘ÿýß ŒA Micro propagation of Banana Plant tissue culture is a collection of experimental methods of growing la rge number of isolated cells or tissues under sterile and controlled conditions. UH–CTAHR Tropical Fruit Tree Propagation uide F_N-49 July 201 . Remove suckers when they are … Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site. Propagation in Banana farming mainly done with the help of Suckers & with the help of Tissue Culture. Observations were recorded at an interval of four weeks for five subculturings. Mintah L.O., In vivo stimulation of axillary bud initiation, growth and development of plantain (Musa AAB.) The banana plant, Musa paradisiaca, is the world's largest herbaceous perennial plant and belongs to the family Musaceae.It is grown for it's fleshy, curved banana fruit. Traditional banana propagation methods do not meet the demand of the crop or ensure the availability of disease-free plants. Saraswathi, S. Uma, G. Kannan, M. Selvasumathi, M.M. 2 1. introduction 3 2. macro-propagation: an overview 4 starting material 4 field techniques 4 detached corm techniques 4 3. field techniques 5 false decapitation 5 step 1. removal of apical dominance 5 Conventional method through suckers and corms 2. Banana Micro Propagation - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. endstream endobj 163 0 obj <> endobj 164 0 obj <> endobj 165 0 obj <>stream 4l_þlšVUÌÀuê"(€€±re\w#!¢Œl GïŒí Micropropagation has been defined as in vitro regeneration of plants from organs, tissues, cells or -to type propagation of a genotype of explant” (Debergh and Read, 1991). Shoot tip and male floral apices can play a vital role for micro propagation of banana [5,6]. Within the problematic one that presents/displays the cultures of banana and banana tree, it is evident the importance that plays the propagation materials ("seeds"), in the disposition and dispersion within the plantations founded and on the new plantations, of harmful agents to the culture (Nava, 1980). ]¹ÖBºŒIÓB:C@åé±ðAŸA,õؗ«Ïå 198 0 obj <>stream The in vitro propagation technique for producing banana using shoot tip cultures is a necessary approach in dealing with the problems encountered in tissue culture. With minimum training the technology can reach the farmers and banana productivity is expected to rise up. using coconut water and indole-3-acetic acid, PhD Thesis, University of Ghana, Ghana, 2013. Shoot tips were cultured on Murashige & Skoog basal medium supplemented with 5.0 mg/l BAP. Propagation of Banana Introduction Banana must be planted in rich, … t. The banana plant produces its fruit and dies. Primary Nursery Tissue Culture Plants of Banana (Plantlets): The tissue culture banana plantlets are available in net pots with a height of 12 cm (approximately) with 3-4 leaves from commercial laboratories primary nurseries.These tissue cultured plantlets are packed in open cartons and … Cost-effective tissue culture media for large-scale propagation of three commercial banana (Musa spp.) banana plant banana has an underground stem with adventitious roots (see Booklet No. Shoot … Banana is the fourth most important fruit crop, in the world as well as in India. This technique is traditionally used for banana propagation. Macro-propagation, being a simple technology, will enhance banana production through rapid multiplication and timely delivery of sufficient high quality seedlings. of plants. The planting method for suckers is the Propagation. A tissue culture technique for rapid clonal propagation and storage under minimal growth conditions of Musa (Banana and Plantain), Plant Cell Rep. 4 (1985) 351-354. Macro propagation offers better scope and options for the small and marginal farmers. Banana tissue culture is the best method for propagation of bananas because there is less risk of pests and diseases. In situ mass propagation of the FHIA-20 banana hybrid using benzylaminopurine, InfoMusa, 2001, 10, 3-4. The technology development in agriculture is very fast, it results in developing a Tissue Culture Technique. 0 Healthy sword suckers were collected, washed, cleaned, outer layers removed sterilized using different sequences involving sodium hypochlorite mercuric chloride and … Starting a Business Banana Farm and Banana Plantation. Banana requires average rainfall of 650 to750 mm 3 Introduction Banana must be planted in rich, well-drained soil AAA) is propagated vegetatively and can be rapidly and efficiently propagated by micropropagation.Conventional micropropagation techniques, however, may be too costly for commercial purposes. mmmmacroacroacro- ---propagation propagation propagation of banana and plantainof banana and plantain . Tissue culture A. cv. This is generally practiced because this way, Banana plant will conserve its energy into growing bigger bunch and not longer stalk. hÞ¤WÛnã6ý>&X8¼ë,ø²NŒv³Aä6‹~PlÆQ+K®¬Éßwfh9²“¸q Banana grows at an altitude of 1200 meters from sea level in a warm and humid climate. C搜á‡çð"Ø ø¤„R2m-”ŠéÐ@©™!”†¥e&À2`Va2¡~Ä"¡¡Œ™!1¨µF #lQL µX3eS‘ ÅØ2m¶L2!ÿ0ðׯ|Ð=á—.ÿÂßÃ߂òÁ t|+få ^†ƒrÖ40 SìæüœË¢†~²—Vc+ÿ#ÜAÅxTÊ\>_O¦çç Ú/ó²JVéÌae-%íúë€ä划ãå˜ä=~{ª/’:­Ñü"‘”2ÔºH¥m'®ñXQîPa<6”6/”0/G”*/ǔ?ÈuUÎWOpú|ìžj>Z¦×÷ÅhÊþ¸ûÓÍÐÑh ‘ÞÑh Nð™þ„úý^ºvsÐ@0ÜL'. In vitro. 2. Effects of Media Composition on Growth and Development of Banana … 1, page 25). hÞb```f``rg`a``gfd@ A rldPJv``rŠ®çíZä ~Àp¢¬âÒÛå"Ç}uúý{o)~•ÁåÀrŽù0Ã1ósOÎ¥&ˆepíacbâêšÙUV–V^‘‘ ÃMÂ*f »fÌþÖ¹NÞ5³Ñ5c")‚@]ÓÁ”IXçB°ì‹‰@ 162 0 obj <> endobj These stems grow into banana plants. [12] VAN DEN HOUWE, I., et al., Variability in storage potential of banana shoot cultures under medium term storage conditions, Plant Cell, Tissue Organ Culture … Propagation Of Banana 2 Introduction Banana is a tropical crop, requiring warm, humid climate. varieties M.S. Banana occupies 20% of the area among the total area under crop in India. Basrai was studied. When planting bits, the planting depth must be 10 cm and the bit also about 10 cm 2. Field performance trial of Macro propagated SABRI at H.R.C block-1 Variet y No. A new banana plantation Climate for Banana Cultivation. Remove the “Bell” (the purple flower petals at the end of the bunch – also known as “banana blossom” or “banana heart“). Because the banana is unstable in its genetic constitution the vegetative material selected should be healthy and contain the desirable qualities, such as high yield. Most of Banana is grown by planting suckers. Disease spread is a concern when utilizing vegetative propagation and efforts have been made to create disease-free planting material through tissue culture. Each bunch will be having 10-12 hands with 175-225 numbers of fruits (Nelson et al., 2006). -ž×»vùؖu?ûtû…Ó?ß¹qûöõ[¿½xùÛËç¨ß_½øóÍ«¿{óŸïßý×o¿þŸßߓõÿøí¯úówÔüþëþñþ?~ûí_¿þúïßû¯ýùçûßÞ¾|õûûßÞ¿ûõÏ?ÿýêÕÔÔÔ­è¨xª.E£²iº,š.¦Ã ë0Ø®€ÉÕçȬ¤v>öޑ^N!.b;m u–¾Ž¶!a£Çw– 20⁰C- 35⁰C is the most favorable temperature range along with a high level of humidity for banana farming in India. 9"}ÏKxVf^ö֞66~vÎQ(D¿ð4ÛÐÛðT§¸lßÌÂxEEŽººH]U*/-*()Î/*ÉS窳Uò,eAŽ"/;7+33==#9-=1-3)#;)5;>%+.%'Ñ'ØÛÀBÆÐã1Eú2+Ï ð¨ô|UcãÈÒñ•»æ.ÛÑÔ>‘/¯.È/ª(+_4oÎöÍˏúäė{Ïþôõ½›×^Í. In vitro multiplication of banana (Musa spp.) Banana grows well at temperature range of 15C to 35C with a relative humidity of 75 to 85%. Because of their uniformity, TC plants can also be used to manipulate cycling to coincide with high price market windows. The plant is tall, tropical and tree-like with a sturdy main pseudostem (not a true stem as it is made of rolled leaf bases) with the leaves arranged spirally at the top. To remove the suckers from the rhizome slip a sharp spade between the sucker and the mature plant to cut the sucker free and then dig it out of the ground. Banana is one of the major and economically important fruit crops of India. Banana grows well at temperature range of 15ºC to 35ºC with a relative humidity of 75 to 85. Banana requires average rainfall of 650 to750 mm. Conventional cultivation in bananas only produces five to ten seedlings in a year … micropropagation is the tool that allows obtaining plants with … Using vegeta - tive propagation, a large number of nursery plants with the same genetic makeup can be obtained at … Tissue-cultured (TC) plants are healthy and uniform and in the parent crop offer a yield advantage of up to 20% over conventional bits and suckers. šÀXÑÑÑ`ÞÑÑb0† @”ÞÑÁŽ„€B`*ÌlP‡P¸yނB®b ÍÄ`‘6 ”(í Îɇªöޚ{yå‰úô • Seed propagation can not be applied in many plants e.g. Kamlapur red. In addition, tissue culture techniques can be expected to solve the problem of procuring banana plant seedling (Eriansyah et al., 2018). For planting bananas with the help of Suckers, suckers are sword well by using well-grown rhizome (a conical or spherical in shape) with active developing … Banana plants grow from a rhizome; the rhizome will produce suckers that will shoot up around the base of the plant. After fruiting, the strawberry begins to grow several … However, propagation of bananas through division or the use of "bits" is cheaper. endstream endobj startxref The Tissue Culture Banana is very tasty. Moreover, the yield and productivity of the banana propagated by the traditional route is reduced due to the attack of diseases. • Since seed-borne viruses exist in a number of fruit plants and the multiplication of such plants by seed is not recommended. Propagation In Banana Farming. An underground stem with … But TC plants produce somaclonal mutants (off-types), cost more and need … Alongside the main stem, it has other stems caHed suckers. %%EOF Using explants with apical domes, a total of 22 banana cultivars were successfully cultured on a modified Murashige and Skoog's medium containing 6-benzylaminopurine (BA) and indolebutyric acid (IBA). Production of Banana is constrained by many biotic as well as abiotic factors. Roots of Peace VEGETATIVE PROPAGATION TECHNIQUES Page 10 Schematic 3: Sucker Division Runner Division The most widely known example of propagating plants with runner division is the strawberry. banana plants. These techniques will ensure sustainable production of banana planting materials. Bits are small portions of the banana plant cut from the rhizome (corm) of the plant and a bud is attached Suckers are shoots growing from the rhizome of banana plants and they grow into new plants 1. How to Start a Business is growing bananas and banana plant. Propagation of bananas is usually conducted by using a banana sucker that grows around the parent plant. hÞbbd```b``ö‘Á ’± D²ž‘œö`ɲDråƒH&F­"³¢€$cñ:›½lZ.XÍy ù¦ [7] regeneration and somatic Propagation of Banana Introduction Banana is a tropical crop, requiring warm, humid climate. 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